From: Strauss, William and Howe, Neil. Generations: The History of America's Future. New York: William Morrow, 1991
Two Types of Social Movements:
Social movements separated by two phases of life and occur approximately every 40-45 years. Secular Crises and Spiritual Awakenings alternate with one another.
Real world threat. Widespread fear for personal and social survival. Causes collective unity in face of a peril. Results in sudden institutional change.
American Revolution (1773-1789)
Civil War (1857-1865)
Great Depression-World World II (1932-1945)
Periods of cultural revitalization beginning with a general crisis of beliefs and values. Results in a profound reorientation in beliefs and values. Unlike a secular crisis, spiritual awakenings are driven by sudden value changes and society-wide effort to re-capture a feeling of spiritual authenticity. The emphasis is not on institutions but rather the spirit.
Boom Awakening (1967-1980)
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